AskDefine | Define beam

Dictionary Definition

beam

Noun

1 a signal transmitted along a narrow path; guides pilots in darkness or bad weather [syn: radio beam]
2 long thick piece of wood or metal or concrete, etc., used in construction
3 a column of light (as from a beacon) [syn: beam of light, light beam, ray, ray of light, shaft, shaft of light, irradiation]
4 a group of nearly parallel lines of electromagnetic radiation [syn: ray, electron beam]
5 (nautical) breadth amidships
6 a gymnastic apparatus used by women gymnasts [syn: balance beam]

Verb

1 smile radiantly; express joy through one's facial expression
2 emit light; be bright, as of the sun or a light; "The sun shone bright that day"; "The fire beamed on their faces" [syn: shine]
3 express with a beaming face or smile; "he beamed his approval"
4 broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television; "We cannot air this X-rated song" [syn: air, send, broadcast, transmit]
5 especially of the complexion: show a strong bright color, such as red or pink; "Her face glowed when she came out of the sauna" [syn: glow, radiate, shine]
6 experience a feeling of well-being or happiness, as from good health or an intense emotion; "She was beaming with joy"; "Her face radiated with happiness" [syn: glow, radiate, shine]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Middle English beem, Old English bēam, originally meaning "tree," cognate with Dutch boom, German Baum, Old High German boum "tree"

Pronunciation

/bi:m/

Noun

  1. Any large piece of timber or iron long in proportion to its thickness, and prepared for use.
  2. One of the principal horizontal timbers of a building; one of the transverse members of a ship's frame on which the decks are laid - supported at the sides by knees in wooden ships and by stringers in steel ones.
  3. The maximum width of a vessel; as, one vessel is said to have more beam than another; also called breadth. (FM 55-501).
  4. The crossbar of a balance, from the ends of which the scales are suspended.
  5. The principal stem of the antler of a deer.
  6. The pole of a carriage.
  7. A cylinder of wood, making part of a loom, on which weavers wind the warp before weaving; also, the cylinder on which the cloth is rolled, as it is woven; one being called the fore beam, the other the back beam.
  8. The straight part or shank of an anchor.
  9. The central bar of a plow, to which the handles and colter are secured, and to the end of which are attached the oxen or horses that draw it.
  10. A heavy iron lever having an oscillating motion on a central axis, one end of which is connected with the piston rod from which it receives motion, and the other with the crank of the wheel shaft; -- called also working beam or walking beam.
  11. A ray or collection of parallel rays emitted from the sun or other luminous body; as, a beam of light, or of heat.
  12. A ray; a gleam; as, a beam of comfort.
  13. One of the long feathers in the wing of a hawk; -- called also beam feather.
  14. A horizontal bar which connects the stems of two or more notes to group them and to indicate metric value.

Translations

large piece of timber or iron
  • Dutch: balk, biels (railroad)
  • Finnish: palkki
  • French: poutre
  • German: Balken
  • Hungarian: gerenda
  • Icelandic: bjálki
  • Italian: trave
  • Japanese: (, hari)
  • Polish: belka
  • Romanian: grindă
  • Spanish: viga
principal horizontal beam in a building
  • Dutch: balk
  • Finnish: palkki
transverse member of a ship's frame
  • Finnish: palkki, poikittaispalkki
maximum width of a vessel
  • Finnish: leveys
crossbar of a balance
  • Finnish: orsi, varsi
principal stem of an antler
  • Finnish: tyvi
pole of a carriage
  • Dutch: dissel
  • Finnish: aisa
part of a loom
shank of an anchor
  • Finnish: valin
bar of a plow
  • Finnish: runko
working beam
ray
  • Dutch: bundel, straal
  • Finnish: säde
  • French: rayon, faisceau
  • German: Strahl (m)
  • Icelandic: geisli
  • Italian: raggio
  • Japanese: (bīmu)
  • Polish: promień
hawk's wing feather
connector of notes
  • Dutch: balk
  • Finnish: palkki

Verb

  1. In the context of "science fiction": To transmit matter or information via a high-tech wireless mechanism.
    Beam me up, Scotty; there's no intelligent life down here. [Star Trek]
  2. To smile broadly or especially cheerfully.

Old English

Etymology

From West Germanic *bauma-. Cognate with Old Frisian bām, Old Saxon bām (Dutch boom), Old High German boum (German Baum). The word is related in some way to Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐌲𐌼𐍃, Old Norse baðmr, suggesting a possible ultimate Germanic source *baugmaz.

Pronunciation

/bæːɑm/

Noun

  1. tree
    on ðæs beames bledum: on the branches of the tree
  2. the Cross
    Wæs se beam bocstafum awriten: the Cross was inscribed with letters (Codex Vercillensis)
  3. beam of wood

Declension

Descendants

Romanian

Pronunciation

Verb

beam

West Frisian

Noun

beam

Extensive Definition

Beam may refer to:

See also

  • Beam theory, a means of calculating the load-carrying and deflection characteristics of beams
  • Battle of the Beams, radio countermeasures used against navigational system used by the Luftwaffe during WWII
beam in Japanese: ビーム
beam in Simple English: Beam
beam in Thai: คาน

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

AM signal, CRT spot, DM display, Doppler signal, FM signal, H beam, I beam, IF signal, IF video signal, IM display, RF amplifier, RF echoes, RF signal, RF stage, TV band, X ray, abutment, actinic ray, actinism, amplitude, angle rafter, arc-boutant, atomic beam, atomic ray, audio signal, backside, balk, bank, bar, batten, be bright, be in heaven, be pleased, beacon, beam, beam of light, beat signal, bedazzle, beggar description, behind, billet, blaze, blind, blips, bloom, board, boarding, boom, border, bottom, bounce, bounces, box girder, brace, breadth, breakwater, breastsummer, bright smile, broad grin, broadcast, broadness, broadside, bulwark, burn, buttress, buttress pier, buttressing, can, cant hook, caper, caracole, cheek, chirp, chirrup, chop, clapboard, claw bar, coast, corbel, cord, cordwood, crack a smile, crank, crossbeam, crosstie, crow, crowbar, dance, daze, dazzle, deal, delight, derriere, die with delight, diffuse light, direct signal, display, distance across, double-dot display, driftwood, ear-to-ear grin, echo, echo signal, embankment, equalizing pulse, expanse, extent, fan marker, fanny, feel happy, firewood, flame, flank, flare, flare path, flash, flying buttress, footing beam, frolic, fulgurate, fullness, gambol, gamma ray, girder, give light, glance, glare, gleam, gleaming smile, glint, glow, glowing smile, go into raptures, grin, grinning, groin, hammer beam, hand, handedness, handspike, hanging buttress, hardwood, haunch, hip, hip rafter, idiotic grin, incandesce, infrared ray, invisible radiation, iron crow, jam, jetty, jimmy, joist, jowl, joy, jutty, knock dead, laterality, lath, lathing, lathwork, latitude, lattice girder, laugh, leam, lever, lilt, limb, lintel, local oscillator signal, log, lumber, luster, many-sidedness, marker, marlinespike, mole, multilaterality, newscast, output pulse, output signal, outrigger, panelboard, paneling, panelwork, patch, peavey, pedal, pencil, photoemission, photon, picture, picture carrier, pier, pier buttress, pinch bar, pips, plank, planking, plate girder, plyboard, plywood, pole, post, posterior, prize, profile, pry, puncheon, purr, pylon, quarter, racon, radar beacon, radar signal, radiate, radiate cheer, radiation, radio, radio beacon, radio-frequency amplifier, radio-frequency signal, radio-frequency stage, radiobroadcast, radiorays, rafter, rampart, ray, ray of light, reading, rear, reflected signal, reflection, retaining wall, return, return beam, return signal, ribbon, ribbon of light, ridge strut, ridgepole, ripping bar, romp, sardonic grin, scanning beam, seat, seawall, send, send out rays, shaft, shake, sheathing, sheathing board, sheeting, shine, shine brightly, shingle, shoot, shoot out rays, shore, shortwave, shortwave signal, shoulder, side, sideboard, siding, sign off, sign on, signal, signal display, sill, simper, sing, skip, slab, slat, sleeper, smile, smile brightly, smiling, smirk, softwood, solar rays, sound carrier, span, spar, sparkle, splat, sportscast, spot, spread, sprit, stave, stick, stick of wood, stovewood, streak, stream, stream of light, streamer, stringpiece, strut, stud, studding, stupid grin, summer, summertree, synchronizing signal, take great satisfaction, target image, television channel, temple, three-by-four, tie, tie beam, timber, timbering, timberwork, toothful grin, trace, transmit, transmitter signal, transom, transverse, trave, traverse, tread on air, treadle, trestle, truss, truss beam, two-by-four, ultraviolet ray, unidirectional signal, unilaterality, vertical synchronizing pulse, video signal, violet ray, voltage pulse, weatherboard, whistle, wideness, width, wind cone, wind indicator, wind sock, wireless, wood, wrecking bar
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